‚ ‚â‚ځ[‚Ì•¶–@‹³Žº*•¶–@‚È‚ñ‚ăJƒ“ƒ^ƒ“‚¾! -  ’†‹‰•Ñ4. ”äŠr•\Œ» (RSS2.0)

Žl‚̌܂̌¾‚킸‚É–Ù‚Á‚ĈËL - •¶–@‚È‚ñ‚ăJƒ“ƒ^ƒ“‚¾!!

’†‹‰•Ñš‚»‚Ì4.”äŠr•\Œ»

1. ”äŠr‹‰‚ƍŏ㋉ úA) ”äŠr‹‰‚Ì’ˆÓ“_

@@@

”äŠr‹‰‚ÍŽåŒê‚Æ“¯Ží‚Ì‘¼ŽÒA‚à‚µ‚­‚͈ê’c‚ƊŘô‚¹‚铯Ží‚Ì‘¼ŽÒ‚̏W’c‚Æ‚Ì“ñŽÒŠÔ‚É‚¨‚¯‚é‘Ô—l‚ð”ä‚ׂČ¾‚¤Žž‚É—p‚¢‚ç‚ê‚é•\Œ»‚Å‚·B]‚Á‚āA•K‘R“I‚Ɂu`‚æ‚è‚àEEEv‚Æ‚¢‚¤“à—e‚ɂȂ邽‚߁AŒ´‘¥‚Æ‚µ‚Đڑ±ŽŒthan‚ª”º‚í‚ê‚邱‚Æ‚É‚È‚è‚Ü‚·B‚µ‚©‚µ—áŠO‚à‚ ‚é‚̂ŁA‚±‚±‚ł܂Ƃ߂ĉðà‚µ‚Ä‚¨‚«‚Ü‚µ‚傤B

‚P. Šî–{Œ`

ex) The pen is mightier than the sword. iƒyƒ“‚ÍŒ•‚æ‚è‚à‹­‚µj

Šî–{‚́u”äŠr‹‰+than+”äŠr‚·‚é‘ŠŽèv‚ÌŒ`‚Å—p‚¢‚ç‚ê‚Ü‚·Bã—á‚Å‚ÍŽåŒêipenj‚Ɓu—Í‚ð”­Šö‚·‚é‚à‚́v‚Æ‚¢‚¤ˆÓ–¡‚Å“¯Ží‚̐«Ž¿‚ðŽ‚Â”äŠr‘Ώہiswordj‚ð•À‚ׂāA‚»‚Ì‹­‚³imightyj‚ð”ä‚ׂĂ¢‚é‚킯‚Å‚·‚ˁB‚±‚±‚Å’ˆÓ‚·‚é‚ׂ«‚Íthan‚ªÚ‘±ŽŒ‚Å‚ ‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤“_‚Å‚·B]‚Á‚āAã‚Ì—á‚Í–{—ˆthan‚ÌŒã‚ÉŽåŒêAqŒê‚ðŽ‚Â•¶‚ª‘±‚¢‚āA

The pen is mightier than the sword is mighty. iƒyƒ“‚ÍŒ•‚ª‹­‚¢‚æ‚è‚à‹­‚¢j

‚Æ‚È‚é‚Ì‚Å‚·‚ªA‘O”¼‚Əd•¡‚·‚é“à—e‚͏KŠµ“I‚É’E—Ž‚·‚邱‚Æ‚ª‚æ‚­‚ ‚è‚Ü‚·B‚»‚̍ہA‚±‚Ì—á‚悤‚É”äŠr‚·‚é‘ŠŽè‚ª–¼ŽŒ‚Å‚ ‚ê‚ÎŒ`‚ɕω»‚Í‚È‚¢‚Ì‚Å–â‘è‚Í‚ ‚è‚Ü‚¹‚ñB‚µ‚©‚µ—Ⴆ‚΁Au”ޏ—‚͔ނæ‚è‹Î•×‚¾v‚Æ‚¢‚¤•¶‚̂悤‚É‘ã–¼ŽŒ‚ª”äŠr‚·‚é‘ŠŽè‚Å‚ ‚éê‡‚Í‘ã–¼ŽŒ‚ÌŠi‚ª–â‘è‚É‚È‚è‚Ü‚·B

She is more hardworking than he (is hardworking).  i”ޏ—‚͔ނª‹Î•×‚Å‚ ‚é‚æ‚è‚à‹Î•×‚Å‚ ‚éj

‚ª–{—ˆ‚ÌŒ`‚Å‚·‚©‚çAd•¡‚·‚é“à—e‚ª’E—Ž‚µ‚½Œã‚à

She is more hardworking than he. i”ޏ—‚͔ނæ‚è‚à‹Î•×‚Å‚ ‚éj

‚Æ‚È‚é‚Ì‚ª•¶–@“I‚ɂ͐³‚µ‚¢Œ`‚Å‚·B‚½‚¾‚µA“Á‚ÉŒûŒê‚Å‚Í‚±‚±‚É–Ú“IŠi‚Ì‘ã–¼ŽŒ‚ª—ˆ‚邱‚Æ‚à‚æ‚­‚ ‚é‚̂ŁAŽÀÛ“I‚É‚Íthan him ‚Å‚à\‚í‚È‚¢‚킯‚Å‚·‚ªA’mŽ¯‚Æ‚µ‚āu‚±‚±‚É‚Í–{—ˆ‚ÍŽåŠi‚ª‚­‚év‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚Æ‚àŠo‚¦‚Ä‚¨‚¢‚ĉº‚³‚¢B‚±‚̂悤‚É–{—ˆ‚ÍŽåŠi‚Å‚ ‚é‚Í‚¸‚Ì‘ã–¼ŽŒ‚ª–Ú“IŠi‚É•Ï‚í‚é—á‚͐ڑ±ŽŒas‚ÌŒã‚Å‚à‹N‚±‚邱‚Æ‚ª‚æ‚­‚ ‚è‚Ü‚·i¦—p—á‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä‚Í‚±‚¿‚ç‚ðŽQÆ‚µ‚ĉº‚³‚¢jB

‚È‚¨A‰º‚Ì‚U. ‚ʼnðà‚·‚é‚悤‚Éthan‚Ì•Ï‚í‚è‚Éto‚ª—p‚¢‚ç‚ê‚éê‡‚ª‹H‚É‚ ‚è‚Ü‚·‚ªA‚±‚Ìto‚Í‘O’uŽŒ‚Ȃ̂ŁA‘±‚­‚Ì‚Í–Ú“IŠi‚Å‚ ‚é“_‚É‚à’ˆÓ‚ª•K—v‚Å‚·B

@@@@@@@@@@

‚Q thanˆÈ‰º‚̏ȗª. 

•¶ˆÓ‚©‚牽‚Æ”äŠr‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é‚Ì‚©‚ª–¾‚ç‚©‚ȏꍇ‚́A”äŠr‹‰‚É‚È‚Á‚½Œê‚¾‚¯‚ªŽc‚Á‚ÄthanˆÈ‰º‚Ì•¶‚ªÈ—ª‚³‚ê‚邱‚Æ‚à‚µ‚΂µ‚΋N‚±‚è‚Ü‚·B

ex1) She is clever, but you are cleverer ithan shej.@i”ޏ—‚ÍŒ«‚¢‚ªA‚ ‚È‚½‚Í‚à‚Á‚ÆŒ«‚¢j

ex2) I feel better (than ever) today. i¡“ú‚́A[‚±‚ê‚Ü‚Å‚æ‚è] ‹C•ª‚ª‚¢‚¢j

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

‚R. ”äŠr‘Ώۂ̖¾Ž¦‚Æ‘ã—p

”äŠr‚³‚ê‚é‘Ώۂ͓¯Ží‚Ì‚à‚Ì‚Å‚ ‚邽‚߁AŒã”¼•”•ª‚Å“à—e‚̏d•¡‚ª‹N‚±‚邱‚Æ‚ª‚ ‚è‚Ü‚·B‚µ‚©‚µA‚»‚̏ꍇ‚É‚àthanˆÈ‰º‚Ì“à—e‚ªÈ—ª‚Å‚«‚È‚¢‚±‚Æ‚à‚ ‚èA‚±‚̂悤‚ÈŽž‚Í‘ã–¼ŽŒ‚Å‘ã—p‚³‚ê‚Ü‚·B—Ⴆ‚΁A

The ears of rabbits are longer than those of dogs. iƒEƒTƒM‚ÌŽ¨‚́AŒ¢‚Ì‚»‚ê‚æ‚è’·‚¢j

‚±‚̏ꍇA”äŠr‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚é‚̂́uŽ¨v‚Ȃ̂ŁAŒã”¼‚ŏd•¡‚·‚é•”•ª‚ðÈ‚¢‚Ä"longer than dogs"‚ł͈Ӗ¡‚𐬂µ‚Ü‚¹‚ñB‚»‚±‚Åthe ears of ‚Ì‘ã—p‚Æ‚µ‚Äthose of ‚ª—p‚¢‚ç‚ê‚邱‚Æ‚É‚È‚è‚Ü‚·B‚Ü‚½A

His collection of books is larger than mine. = His collection of books is larger than my collection of books

@i”ނ̏‘ÐƒRƒŒƒNƒVƒ‡ƒ“‚́AŽ„‚Ì‚æ‚è‘å‚«‚¢j

‚±‚̂悤‚ȏꍇ‚àA‘O”¼‚Ƃ̏d•¡‚ð”ð‚¯‚é‚½‚߂ɏŠ—L‘ã–¼ŽŒ‚ð—p‚¢‚Ä‘ã—p‚·‚邱‚ƂŁA”äŠr‘Ώۂ𗪂·‚é‚Ì‚ªˆê”Ê“I‚Å‚·B“ú–{Œê‚Å‚Í‚Ç‚¿‚ç‚àAuŒ¢‚Ì‚æ‚è’·‚¢vAuŽ„‚Ì‚æ‚è‘å‚«‚¢v‚ÆŒ¾‚¦‚Ä‚µ‚Ü‚¤‚½‚߁A‰p•¶‚É‚·‚鎞‚Í“¯‚¶Š´Šo‚ðŽ‚¿ž‚Ü‚È‚¢‚悤‚É’ˆÓ‚µ‚ĉº‚³‚¢B

@@@@@

‚S. ”äŠr“à—e‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä‚Ì’ö“x‚ðŽ¦‚·

”äŠr‚³‚ê‚é“à—e‚ɂ‚¢‚āA‚»‚Ì’ö“x‚ðŽ¦‚·‚É‚Í”äŠr‹‰‚Ì’¼‘O‚Émuch (‚¸‚Á‚Æ)Afar/by far (‚Í‚é‚©‚É)Aa little (­‚µ)‚È‚Ç‚ð’u‚«‚Ü‚·B

ex1) He is a little older than I. (”Þ‚ÍŽ„‚æ‚菭‚µ”Nã‚¾)

ex2) Mary is much more beautiful than you. (ƒƒAƒŠ‚́A‚ ‚È‚½‚æ‚肸‚Á‚Æ”ü‚µ‚¢)

@@@@

‚T. ”äŠr“à—e‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä‚Ì‹ï‘Ì“I‚Ȑ”’l‚Ì–¾Ž¦

”äŠr‚³‚ê‚é“à—e‚ɂ‚¢‚āA‚»‚Ì’ö“x‚𐔒l‚É‚æ‚è‹ï‘Ì“I‚ÉŽ¦‚·‚ɂ́A”äŠr‹‰‚Ì’¼‘O‚Ɂu”+’PˆÊv‚ð—p‚¢‚ÄŽ¦‚·•û–@‚ƁA•¶”ö‚Ɂuby+ ” +’PˆÊv‚ÌŒ`‚ÅŽ¦‚·•û–@‚ª‚ ‚è‚Ü‚·B‚È‚¨A‚±‚Ìby‚Í’ö“xA“x‡‚¢‚ðŽ¦‚·—p–@‚Łu`‚قǁA`‚¾‚¯v‚Ȃǂ̃jƒ…ƒAƒ“ƒX‚ðŽ‚¿A”’l‚΂©‚è‚Å‚Í‚È‚­”™‘R‚Æ—Ê‚ð•\‚·Œê‹å‚ƈꏏ‚ÉŽg‚¤‚±‚Æ‚à‚Å‚«‚Ü‚·B

ex1) He is three years older than I. = He is older than I by three years. (”Þ‚ÍŽ„‚æ‚è3Ë”Nã‚¾)

ex2) Tom is three inches taller than Mary. = Tom is taller than Mary by three inches. (ƒgƒ€‚̓ƒAƒŠ‚æ‚è3ƒCƒ“ƒ`”w‚ª‚‚¢)

ex3) His new car is a great deal larger than his old one. = His new car is larger than his old one by a great deal

@(”ނ̐V‚µ‚¢ƒNƒ‹ƒ}‚́A‘O‚Ì‚æ‚肸‚Á‚Æ‘å‚«‚¢)

@@@@@

‚U. than‚Ì•Ï‚í‚è‚Éto‚ð—p‚¢‚éê‡

ú@) ƒ‰ƒeƒ“ŒêŒ¹‚ÌŒê

u-orv‚ŏI‚í‚郉ƒeƒ“Œn‚ÌŒê(superior Ì inferiorAsenior Ì juniorAprior Ì posterior‚È‚Ç)‚ð—p‚¢‚鎞‚́A”äŠr‚·‚é‘ŠŽè‚ðŽ¦‚·Œã‘±•”•ª‚ðthan‚Å‚Í‚È‚­to‚ÅŒq‚¬‚Ü‚·B1. ‚Å‚à‘‚¢‚½‚悤‚ɁA‚±‚Ìto‚Í‘O’uŽŒ‚Ȃ̂ŁAŒã‚É‘ã–¼ŽŒ‚ª‘±‚­Žž‚Í–Ú“IŠi‚É‚È‚é“_‚É’ˆÓ‚µ‚ĉº‚³‚¢B‚È‚¨A‚±‚ê‚ç‚ÌŒ`—eŽŒ‚Í‚»‚̈Ӗ¡Ž©‘̂ɁuŸ‚é/—ò‚éA”N’·‚Ì/”N­‚́A‘O‚É/Œã‚Ɂv‚̂悤‚ɁA‘¼‚Æ”äŠr‚·‚éƒjƒ…ƒAƒ“ƒX‚ªŠÜ‚Ü‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚邽‚߁AŒ`‚ð”äŠr‹‰‚É•Ï‚¦‚é•K—v‚Í‚ ‚è‚Ü‚¹‚ñB

ex1) He is superior to me in ability, but (he is) inferior (to me) in experience 

@(”Þ‚Í”\—Í‚Ì“_‚ÅŽ„‚æ‚è—D‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚邪AŒoŒ±‚Ì“_‚Å‚Í—ò‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚é)

ex2) He is five years senior to me. = He is five years older than I. (”Þ‚ÍŽ„‚æ‚è5‚”Nã‚¾)

   Ì@I am five years junior to him. = I am five years younger than he. (Ž„‚͔ނæ‚è5‚”N‰º‚¾)

@@@@@

úA) prefer ‚ª”äŠr•\Œ»‚É—p‚¢‚ç‚ê‚éê‡

"prefer"‚ðŽg‚Á‚āAu`‚æ‚èEEE‚ðD‚ށv‚ÆŒ¾‚¤ê‡"prefer ` to EEE"‚ª—p‚¢‚ç‚ê‚Ü‚·‚ªA‚±‚Ìto‚à‘O’uŽŒ‚Å‚·B]‚Á‚āAŒ´‘¥‚Æ‚µ‚Ä”äŠr‘Ώۂɂ͖¼ŽŒ‚â“®–¼ŽŒ‚ª—p‚¢‚ç‚ê‚邱‚Æ‚É‚È‚è‚Ü‚·B‚½‚¾‚µA”äŠr‘Ώۂð•s’莌‚ð—p‚¢‚ÄŒ¾‚¤‚±‚Æ‚à‚Å‚«A‚»‚̏ꍇ‚Í"prefer ` <to•s’莌> (rather) than <to•s’莌>"‚ðŽg‚¢‚Ü‚·B‚È‚¨A‚±‚ÌŒ`‚ł́Athan‚ÌŒã‚Ìto‚͏ȗª‚³‚ê‚Ä“®ŽŒ‚Ì‚Ý—ˆ‚邱‚Æ‚à‚ ‚è‚Ü‚·B‚±‚ê‚ðŒöŽ®‰»‚·‚ê‚΁EEE

œ prefer `ing to `ing@Ë `ing‚Í“®–¼ŽŒ

@= prefer to+“®ŽŒ‚ÌŒ´Œ` (rather) than (to)+“®ŽŒ‚ÌŒ´Œ` @Ë to+“®ŽŒ‚ÌŒ´Œ`‚Í•s’莌AŒã‚Ìto‚͏ȗª‰Â

ex1) She prefer reading to watching TV. 

@= She prefer to read (rather) than (to) watch TV. (”ޏ—‚̓eƒŒƒr‚ðŒ©‚é‚æ‚è“Ǐ‘‚ðD‚Þ)

ex2) Children prefer watching TV to reading

@= Children prefer to watch TV rather than (to) read. (Žq‹Ÿ‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚à‚̂́A“Ǐ‘‚æ‚èƒeƒŒƒr‚ðŒ©‚é‚±‚Æ‚ðD‚Þ)

¦ex2) ‚́AChildren prefer TV to reading. (Žq‹Ÿ‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚à‚̂́A“Ǐ‘‚æ‚èƒeƒŒƒr‚ðD‚Þ) ‚ÆŒ¾‚¤‚±‚Æ‚à‚Å‚«‚Ü‚·B

@@@@@@@@@

‚ł́AˆÈã‚̂悤‚È“_‚É’ˆÓ‚µ‚āAˆÈ‰º‚Ì“ú–{Œê‚ð‰pŒê‚É’¼‚µ‚Ă݂ĉº‚³‚¢B‹É—́A“ú–{Œê‚ōl‚¦‚¸AƒCƒ[ƒW‚ðŽ©“®“I‚ɉpŒê‚É‚·‚é“w—Í‚ð‚µ‚Ü‚µ‚傤B‚à‚¿‚ë‚ñA”­‰¹‚âƒCƒ“ƒgƒl[ƒVƒ‡ƒ“‚É‚à’ˆÓ‚µ‚ĉº‚³‚¢B‚·‚®‚ÉŒ¾‚¦‚È‚©‚Á‚½ê‡‚͐³‰ð—á‚ðŒ©‚Ä‹L‰¯‚µA­‚µŽžŠÔ‚ð’u‚¢‚Ä‚©‚猾‚¦‚é‚©‚Ç‚¤‚©ŽŽ‚µ‚Ä‚Ý‚Ü‚·B‚±‚ê‚ð‰½‰ñ‚©ŒJ‚è•Ô‚·‚¤‚¿‚ɁA“ú–{Œê‚ɑΉž‚µ‚½‰pŒê‚ª“ï‚È‚­o‚Ä‚­‚é‚悤‚É‚È‚é‚ÆŽv‚¢‚Ü‚·‚æB

1. ”Þ‚ÍŽ„‚æ‚胊ƒxƒ‰ƒ‹(Ž©—RŽå‹`“I)‚¾B

@@@@@@@@@

1. He is more liberal than I.

 = He is more liberal than I (am liberal. )

@@@@@@@@

2. ”ނ̍l‚¦•û‚́AŽ„‚Ì‚æ‚胊ƒxƒ‰ƒ‹(Ž©—RŽå‹`“I)‚¾B

     @@@@@@

2. His way of thinking is more liberal than mine.

 = His way of thinking is more liberal than my way of thinking.

@@@@@@@@

3 ”ނ̈ӌ©‚́AŽ„‚Ì‚æ‚è‚Í‚é‚©‚ÉŽÀÛ“I‚¾B

@@@@@

@@@@@

3. His opinion is far more practical than mine. 

= His opinion is far more practical than my opinion. 

@@@@@

4. ‚ ‚È‚½‚̃pƒ\ƒRƒ“‚́A‚±‚̐VŒ^‚É”ä‚ׂĂ͂邩‚É‹ŒŽ®‚¾B

@@@@@@@@@@

4. Your PC is far more obsolete than this new one. 

@@@@@

5. ”ޏ—‚̈ê‰Æ‚́AŽ„‚Ì(ˆê‰Æ)‚æ‚è‚¢‚­‚ç‚©—T•Ÿ‚¾B

@@@@@

5. Her family is a little more wealthy than mine.

 = Her family is a little more wealthy than my family. 

@@@@@

6. ‚±‚̃Šƒ{ƒ“‚́A‚ ‚ê‚æ‚è2ƒCƒ“ƒ`’·‚¢B

@@@@@

6. This ribbon is two inches longer than that one. 

 = This ribbon is longer than that one by two inches

@@@@@

7. Ž„‚̏f•ê‚́A•ê‚æ‚èŽOÎ”Nã‚¾B

(senior / older ‚ðŽg‚Á‚Ä)

@

7. My aunt is three years senior to my mother. 

 = My aunt is three years older than my mother. @@@@@

@@@@@

‚W. Ž„‚Ì•ê‚́Af•ê‚æ‚èŽOÎ”N‰º‚¾B

(junior / younger ‚ðŽg‚Á‚Ä)

@@@@@@@

‚W. My mother is three years junior to my aunt. 

 = My mother is three years younger than my mother.

 @@@@@

‚X. ‰ï‹c‚ɐ旧‚Á‚āA‰äX‚Í‚±‚Ì‹c‘è‚ɂ‚¢‚Ä‚ÌŽ‘—¿‚ð€”õ‚µ‚È‚¯‚ê‚΂Ȃç‚È‚¢B

(prior ‚ðŽg‚Á‚Ä)

@@@@@

‚X. Prior to the meeting, we must prepare the materials on this subject. 

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‚P‚O. ”ޏ—‚Í“÷‚æ‚è‹›‚ðD‚ށB ‚P‚O. She prefer fish to meat

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‚P‚P. ”ނ́A‰½‚à‚µ‚È‚¢‚æ‚è“­‚­‚±‚Æ‚ðD‚ށB

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‚P‚P. He prefer working to doing nothing. 

 = He prefer to work (rather) than (to) do nothing

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‰ð“š—á‚RDpractical = ŽÀ—p“I‚ȁAŽÀÛ“I‚È

‰ð“š—á‚SDobsolete = ‹ŒŽ®‚́AŽž‘ã’x‚ê‚́A‚·‚½‚ꂽ

‰ð“š—á‚XDprior to the meeting = u‰ï‹c‚ɐ旧‚Á‚āv‚́A‚æ‚­Žg‚í‚ê‚銵—p•\Œ»‚Ȃ̂ŁAŠo‚¦‚Ä‚¨‚«‚Ü‚µ‚傤B

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2011.2.10.+2.15.+2.18.

’†‹‰•Ñš‚»‚Ì4.”äŠr•\Œ»1. ”äŠr‹‰‚ƍŏ㋉ ú@) ˆÓ–¡‚ÆŒ` <<

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>>’†‹‰•Ñš‚»‚Ì4.”äŠr•\Œ»1.”äŠr‹‰‚ƍŏ㋉ úB) Åã‹‰‚Ì’ˆÓ“_

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